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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-6

A layman approach to adopt COVID-19 appropriate behaviour and vaccination: A narrative review

1 Department of Chemistry, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Chemistry, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Environmental Protection Training and Research Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Department of Civil, B. V. Raju Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Kolli Balakrishna
Department of Chemistry, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajprhc.ajprhc_12_21

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Everyone is aware of the continuing global health catastrophe caused by the advent of a new virus that causes coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). A virus is known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is the cause of the viral disease COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was first discovered in bats in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 and then spread to humans via an unknown intermediary host (animal). The virus can be passed directly from an infected person to a healthy person nearby or indirectly by contact with infected droplets. Fever, sore throat, cough, exhaustion, and dyspnea are the most common symptoms of the condition, while many patients remain asymptomatic. In most cases, the situation is moderate, but it can progress to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multi-organ failure. Although the transmission rate is high, the fatality rate is 2–3%. The diagnostic method of the disease uses some molecular tests of the samples from an infected person. The preventive measures include using mask, maintaining social distance, home quarantine, and frequent handwashing with soap and sanitizer with a high percentage of alcohol. This review may assist each individual in raising awareness about COVID-19 and make them responsible for battling the pandemic on a personal level to maintain a healthy environment. To control the spreading of the virus, vaccination and the availability of vaccines play an important role. By the quest, various vaccines are in the market and some more are in the trial stage. Hence, different available vaccines are also highlighted. The present review discusses the details regarding the coronavirus's origin, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and vaccination details.

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