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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72-78

Knowledge, attitude, and practices about antimicrobial usage and resistance among the second-year MBBS students: A questionnaire-based survey


Department of Pharmcology, Bharati vidyapeeth DTU Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Jayshree Shriram Dawane
Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth DTU Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajprhc.ajprhc_10_22

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Antibiotic resistance is the burning issue and to curtail it is the need of the time, efforts are going on in all the direction. It is essential to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of the medical undergraduate about the antimicrobial use and resistance for doing modifications in the current methods of teaching for encouraging the rational use. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of self medication practices of antibiotics among the second year medical students. To evaluate the knowledge of medical students about antibiotic resistance. To explore the solutions to curb the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance. Material and Methods: A Cross sectional, Unicentric, observational, questionnaire based survey study carried out from June 2021 to Sept 2021. Conventional sample method was used and phase II MBBS students willing to take part in the study were included. After obtaining the IEC clearance study was started. Questionnaire was prepared consisting of the various aspects like knowledge, attitude and perception of the antimicrobial use and resistance. The questionnaire was validated by subject experts for its content and relevance and the necessary changes were incorporated in the final one. The questionnaire was distributed as a Google form before they receive any teaching on antibiotics in their pharmacology classes as a Pre-test and after the exposure as post-test. Participation was voluntary and they were asked to complete the questionnaire anonymously. Returning of the completed Google form was accepted as consent by the participating students. Statistical analysis done with software SPSS. Results: Students had the knowledge about antibiotics and resistance. They had consumed it in last one year and completed the course of the antibiotics is the positive outcome. Small number shows confusion about use during viral infection, in pain, during cough& cold. Causes of antibiotic resistance needs special attention. In 20% it was not clear that skipping the doses can contribute to antimicrobial resistance. Conclusion: Repeated knowledge intervention are essential to increase the awareness of the problem arising due to the irrational use even to the undergraduate students.


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